Antibiotics are widely used to treat bacterial illnesses in humans. Did you know that antibiotics are frequently recommended to pets as well? They’re crucial in ensuring that infected pets recover completely!
With all of the superbugs, antibiotic resistance difficulties, and drug responses, it’s a scary world out there. That’s why, in both human and animal medicine, treating infections is a continually perplexing and contentious topic. Now that cold and flu season has here, it’s a good opportunity to revisit the major risks that antibiotics pose to human and animal health.
Every pet owner’s goal when their animal pets are sick is to make them feel well as fast and painlessly as possible. This may entail administering antibiotics to them as pets.
When their animals become ill, every pet owner’s desire is to get them better as quickly and painlessly as possible. This could include giving antibiotics to them as pets. While this may seem self-evident, upper respiratory infections can be caused by either bacteria or viruses, or a combination of both. Antibiotics are not only unnecessary when the infection is viral, but they can also lead to antibiotic resistance in some bacteria. Culturing an infected area will determine the particular kind of bacteria present, as well as the best antibiotic to use to treat the infection
Antibiotics serve a single purpose: to kill microorganisms. Antibiotics will be useless if your pet has a viral or fungal infection. Antibiotics have adverse effects, just like any other treatment. In some situations, taking antibiotics can upset your pet’s stomach and cause vomiting or diarrhea. Antibiotic use might also raise your chances of getting a yeast infection. When your pet develops a bacterial infection, the benefits of antibiotics exceed the risk of side effects or additional infections. If you administer antibiotics to your cat, dog, guinea pig, or other pet who doesn’t have a bacterial infection, you’ll be subjecting them to unnecessary health problems.
If you’ve recently suffered an ear or sinus infection, you’re surely aware that doctors are now prescribing medicines on a “wait and see” basis. Antibiotics may be ineffective and may enhance your resistance to the antibiotic because these infections are commonly caused by viruses. Antibiotics will no longer be useful in treating bacterial illnesses if you become resistant to them.
Verifying that the antibiotic is appropriate for the situation
When it comes to treating most bacterial illnesses, this is critical. But how do you know…?
Veterinarians are increasingly evaluating the site of infection (ears, urine, skin, airways, wounds, etc.) to determine which bacteria are present and which medications will best kill them. It is by far the most accurate way of ensuring that antibiotics are being used effectively.
This is especially important if we’re not sure whether or not there’s a bacterial infection present. For example, despite the fact that 95% of feline lower urinary tract disease patients do not have bacterial infections, a large percentage of these patients are given antibiotics that are unnecessary.
When giving your pet a pill feels like battling an alligator, it’s tempting to cease giving the prescription after your pet appears to be getting better. Unfortunately, if you do not administer the whole course of medicines to your pet, the symptoms may return. Antibiotic resistance can also be increased by not finishing antibiotics.
If your pet misses a dosage, give him or her the medication as soon as you notice it’s needed, as long as it hasn’t been more than a few hours since the antibiotic was supposed to be taken. If the next pill is soon due, don’t give your pet the missed dose. Rather, give the next dose at the appointed time.
Before administering antibiotics to your pet, speak with a veterinarian who is familiar with his or her medical history to ensure that there are minimum side effects and no drug interactions.
Once you have a prescription, you can typically get it filled at a pet store or a local pharmacy; just make sure they don’t deviate from the original prescription in any way unless they’ve checked with the vet first. Low appetite, vomiting, and diarrhea are all possible adverse effects of some drugs. It’s a good idea to call your veterinarian if your dog or cat develops any of these symptoms.